Programming language

Programming language [ˈproʊ.ɡræm.ɪŋ ˈlæŋ.ɡwɪdʒ]: a coded language to write instructions a computer can understand and execute.

The most basic programming language is the binary machine language the computer interprets without any translator. It is referred as a low-level language and you may call it the native language of a computer.

All other programming languages, like JavaScript, HTML, R or Python, are high-level languages with fixed syntaxes (forms) and semantics (meanings). They are exectuted slower than the machine language, because they need a translator or compiler program so the computer knows what to do. But, they make things easier for the programmer, as they reduce complexe instructions in short commands and functions.

There are plenty of programming languages made for specific fields of work. For example, R was made for statisticians and therefore offers many techniques for data analysis.

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